Monday, February 11, 2019

SAVA - KAN RAM ROHLU



Sava veha ramsa pel thin hnam kan ni a, hmanlai hunah phei chuan ramvachal leh pasalthaten ngaihsan an hlawh a; ram lama thangchhuah phei chu vantlang chunga leng an ni thin. Hun a lo liam a, ramvachalten ngaihsan an hlawh ta lo va, humhalh duhna rilru a lo lian telh telh a, ramsate pawimawhnain kan thinlungah hmun a chang tam ta viau a ni. Hetih lai hian kan rama savate erawh dinhmun hlauhawmah an la ding ta fan a, kan hman nun leh khawsak pawh changkang chho viau tawh mahse savate nunna erawh a derthawng tulh tulh ni mai niin a lang.

Khawvel pumpui thlirin India hi sava chi hrang tamna ram a ni a, kum 2016 khan India ram pumpuiah sava chi hrang 1266 awma chhinchhiah a ni a, heng zingah hian chi 2 hi mang tawha ngaih niin chi 82 zet chu khawvel pumpuiah pawh mang mai thei dinhmuna ding an ni. Mizoram hi sava tamna hmun Indo-Myanmar bio-diversity hotspot an tih hmuna awm kan ni a, kan ram chhungah hian sava chi hrang engzat chiah nge kan neih hriat la ni lo mahse rintlak ber tura ngaih, “avibase” chhinchhiah danah chuan Mizoram chhungah hian sava chi hrang 660 zet hmuh chhuah a ni tawh. Heng bakah pawh hian la chhinchhiah loh la awm nual tura ngaih a ni. Heng sava chi hrang kan ramin kan neihte zingah hian chi 26 chu khawvel pumpuiah pawh mang mai thei dinhmuna ding an ni.

SAVA PAWIMAWHNA:
Kan khawvel sik leh sa awmdan dik taka awmtirtu pawimawh tak chu kan thing leh mau, ramngaw te hi an ni. Kan thingkungte an lo pun zelna tur leh ngaw khupa a awm theina  tura tangkai ber mai chu savate hi an ni. Mizoten thingkung kan tih chin zawng zawng deuhthaw hi a zirmite tawngkam takin ‘angiosperm’ an tih zinga mi a ni. Angiosperm chu sawifiah dan mawl thei ber chuan par leh rah nei chi tiin a fiah mai awm e. Heng thingkungte hi anmahnia lo pung mai an ni bik lo va, an rah chhunga chi atanga lo pung an ni ber. Savaten thingkung pun zelna atana an hnathawhte thlir ta thuak ila.

1. Inthlahpunna (pollination): Thingkung par chi a lo par hian, a parah a pa chi leh a nu chi a awm thin. Par khata mi pawh ni se a nu chi leh a pa chi an intawn fuh loh chuan chi tiak thei tur a insiam thei lo. Anmahni maia inpan thei an nih loh avangin pawn lam atanga puitu an mamawh a ni. Hemi kawnga thawh hlawk ber chu savate hi an ni.

2. A theh darhna (dispersal):  A nu chi leh a pa chi a intawn hnuah pawh hian thingkung a lo nih theihna turin kawng thui tak a la zawh a ngai. Thing chi awmze neia lak chhuah a nih hnuah hian a lo to a, a than len theih nan tui, ni sa, lei tha leh hmun awl a mamawh a. Hetianga thing chi theh darh tur hian nungchaten an put darh hi a pawimawh em em a ni. Thing chi thenkhat chuan ramsa leh savate chaw kawng (digestive tract) a kal tlang phawt hnua an ek chhuah loh chuan a tiak hlei thei lo a ni. Hetianga thing chi pu darh tur hian savate chuan thui tak tak leh hmun zau tak takah thlawhpui a, an theh darh thin avangin an pawimawh zual hle a ni.

3. Enkawl zuina (care):  Thing chi chu a lo insiam tan dawn atanga thing kung puitling a nih thlengin natna hrik, rannung leh a ei chhe theitu chi hrang hrang lakah ven leh enkawl reng a ngai. Sava tam zawk chuan an awmdan tura Pathianin a lo ruat angin, heng thing ei chhetu chi hrang hrang hi chaw atan a lo hmang ve hlauh thung a ni. An eizawnna hmun a nih ve tlat avangin savate chuan thing chu a puitlin thlengin kawla ni chhuak chhiarin an awmchilh a, a puitlin hnuah pawh a la chenchilh zui tlat a ni. Mithiamte zinchianna atanga an thu khaikhawmna chu “Sava chi hrang a tam poh leh thingkung chi hrang a tam a, sava tamna hmunah chuan ram bua pawh a insiam ngaw leh hma bik. Sava tamna hmunah chuan thingkung a hrisel bik a, thingkung dam hun chhung pawh a rei bik” tih hi a ni.

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

CHHUNGKUAA PA MAWHPHURHNA


Chibai u le! Chhungkuaa pa mawhphurhna chungchang kan zirho dawn a ni. Chhungkua chungchang hi chu sawi fiah leh chuan a ngai awm lo ve. Amaherawhchu, dilchhut taka zawhna –“Chhungkua hi engin nge din?” tih erawh chu chhan a har viau a, mihrang hrang chhan dan pawh a inang lo nuk ngei ang. Thinlung leh thisena inzawm tlat te, chhungkuaa a hranga khawsak hi chu ‘tuan leh mang’ ata tawh mihring nunphung a ni a, a la danglam chuang lo a ni. Amaherawhchu, khawtlang nunphung changkang leh danglam zelin chhungkaw awmdan a tidanglam ve zel a, a la danglam zel dawn bawk a ni.

Hun hlui (history) kan thlir let pawhin Pa ber chu chhungkuaa hotu leh roreltu, naupang zirna leh than lennaa mawhphurtu, chhungkaw khawsak phung leh ei leh bara mawh latu ber a ni thin. Hetih lai hian hnam thenkhatah chuan pa berin chhungkaw hotu nih a chan lohna pawh a awm ve bawk. Hun a lo liam zel a, mihring khawsak dan danglam zel avangin PA dinhmun pawh hi a tlahniam ve zel  thei niin a lang. Chhungkaw enkawltu leh thuneitu a nihna chu hmeichhia (a nupui) a zirin a lo tlahniam ve thei khawp mai. Hei hi a chhan ber ni a lang, mithiamten an tih chu ‘ei leh bara thanna leh chhungkaw member-te tan mahnia intodelh theihna kawng lo inhawn chhoh tak vang” a ni. Hetiang hian chhungkua chu lo inher danglam hret hret mahse chhungkuaa PA dinhmun leh mawhphurhna hi chu a la danglam chuang lo va, a mawhphurhna a hlen theih loh chuan “Pa nih tling lo” tia sawi an la ni reng tho dawn a ni. Chhungkaw kalphung danglam deuh avanga PA mawhphurhna thenkhat chu midang kutah awm pawh ni se, Pa a nihna erawh tawmpui theih loh leh midang kuta hlan theih loh a ni.

Pa mawhphurhna kan sawi laia rilrua awm reng erawh chu, pa nei lo Nuin a į¹­ulpui te, chhungkaw ro rel hlei thei lova natna khuma enkawl ngaia awm mek Pa te an ni a; a ngaihthlak dan thiam pawh a tul viau mai. Sawi zo vek thei lo mah ila, Pa mawhphurhna hrang hrang heti hian sawi hrang dawn teh ang.